Genetic biodiversity in aquaculture

Most of the products of aquaculture come from about 200 species. Aquatic biodiversity is lost in natural systems, especially inland waters, at alarming rates. Pollution, human-induced structural changes in aquatic habitats, and the introduction of introduced species have caused the vast majority of this decline. Genetic biodiversity provides the raw ingredients that allow breeders to improve animal and plant species growth, performance, and marketability in aquaculture. Plants and animals that have been genetically modified will grow faster and use food more efficiently.


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